Newsletters
News & Information for Technology Purchasers NewsFactor Sites:       NewsFactor.com     Enterprise Security Today     CRM Daily     Business Report     Sci-Tech Today  
   
This ad will display for the next 20 seconds. Please click for more information, or scroll down to pass the ad, or Close Ad.
Home Enterprise I.T. Cloud Computing Applications Hardware More Topics...
Eliminate costly downtime!
Find out how with Free White Paper
& enter to win a Samsung Galaxy Note

www.apc.com
Apple/Mac
24/7/365 Network Uptime
Average Rating:
Rate this article:  
With a Blink, Google Forks Chrome
With a Blink, Google Forks Chrome's WebKit Engine

By Barry Levine
April 4, 2013 10:56AM

    Bookmark and Share
Apple released WebKit as open source in 2005, and its versions have grown to cover an estimated 40 percent of the market. Mozilla, maker of Firefox, uses Gecko, and Internet Explorer from Microsoft has Trident. Now, with Google forking WebKit to create Blink, there is concern that developers will have to support yet another rendering engine.
 

Related Topics

Chrome
WebKit
Google
HTML5



Apple and Google are the biggest competitors in mobile platforms. Now, Google has split off from the Apple-created, open-source WebKit rendering engine behind Apple's Safari browser and Google's Chrome browser, and has created its own open-source version, Blink.

A rendering engine generates a Web page's layout, based on the HTML, CSS and Javascript. Google software engineer Adam Barth, writing on a company blog, said Wednesday that the first step toward creating Blink would be to remove some of the code in WebKit that Blink doesn't need, some 4.5 million lines worth, which he said will improve stability. Google has also issued guidelines for new features in Blink, to foster standards and interoperability.

WebKit has been the most popular engine, powering not only Safari and Chrome but, in various forms, also the default Android browser and the ones for BlackBerry 10 and Symbian devices. Apple released WebKit as open source in 2005, and its versions have grown to cover an estimated 40 percent of the market. Mozilla, maker of Firefox, uses Gecko, and Internet Explorer from Microsoft has Trident.

Opera Is All In

The open-source Chromium project is the basis for both Google's Chrome browser and its Chrome OS. The technology giant has said that, since it employs a different multi-process architecture for Chromium than do other users of WebKit, the back-and-forth to maintain its version and the master underlying open-source engine was slowing innovation.

A few weeks ago, Opera announced that it was moving to WebKit, abandoning its own Presto engine as well as a new engine it had in development. On Thursday, following Google's announcement about Blink, Opera said it was now moving to Blink. The Norway-based browser maker has indicated the latest switch is driven by its interest in supporting Chromium and in getting out of the rendering engine business, so it could focus resources on making new products and features.

These developments are being watched closely in the developer community, although there have been conflicting reactions. When Opera initially said it was going WebKit and dropping its own rendering engine development, for instance, there were complaints that WebKit was becoming the dominant engine because of its wide use, not because of standards, and that this could stifle innovation, especially in the relatively new arena of mobile.

'Already Fragmented'

Now, with Google forking WebKit to create Blink, there is concern that developers will have to support yet another rendering engine, making sure their code renders as intended.

Jeffrey Hammond, an analyst with Forrester, noted that "the reality is that the browser market is already fragmented and is not getting better," with variations across devices and operating systems.

He pointed out that, even with the trend toward using HTML5 standards that should allow apps to play across HTML5-supporting browsers, there will be feature differences in the browsers. The good news, Hammond told us, is that "there's a tremendous amount of innovation." The bad: "there are more edge cases," or exceptions to the norm.

One solution, he said, could be "a good feature-detection library for browsers," so that features in a particular app could be automatically enabled or disabled on specific devices, "depending on what the browser supported."
 

Tell Us What You Think
Comment:

Name:



Salesforce.com is the market and technology leader in Software-as-a-Service. Its award-winning CRM solution helps 82,400 customers worldwide manage and share business information over the Internet. Experience CRM success. Click here for a FREE 30-day trial.


 Apple/Mac
1.   Samsung: $2.2B Too Much for Apple
2.   Google, Rockstar Suit Stays in Calif.
3.   Samsung Tech Experts Talk Patents
4.   Phones Annoy Patent Trial Judge
5.   Apple vs. Samsung: Latest News


advertisement
Samsung: $2.2B Too Much for Apple
Says $38.4M more like it for patents.
Average Rating:
Google, Rockstar Suit Stays in Calif.
Judge not fooled by Apple's tricks.
Average Rating:
Phones Annoy Patent Trial Judge
Disrupting Apple-Samsung proceedings.
Average Rating:
Product Information and Resources for Technology You Can Use To Boost Your Business

Network Security Spotlight
Verizon Data Breach Report Exposes Top Threats
Beyond Heartbleed, there are cyberthreats vying to take down enterprise networks, corrupt smartphones, and wreak havoc on businesses. Verizon is exposing these threats in a new report.
 
Where Do Web Sites Stand, Post-Heartbleed?
A security firm says the vast majority of Web sites have patched themselves to protect against the Heartbleed bug, but now there are questions raised on the reliability of open-source programs.
 
White House Updating Online Privacy Policy
A new Obama administration privacy policy explains how the government will gather the user data of online visitors to WhiteHouse.gov, mobile apps and social media sites, saying much is in the public domain.
 

Navigation
NewsFactor Network
Home/Top News | Enterprise I.T. | Cloud Computing | Applications | Hardware | Mobile Tech | Big Data | Communications
World Wide Web | Network Security | Data Storage | Small Business | Microsoft/Windows | Apple/Mac | Linux/Open Source | Personal Tech
Press Releases
NewsFactor Network Enterprise I.T. Sites
NewsFactor Technology News | Enterprise Security Today | CRM Daily

NewsFactor Business and Innovation Sites
Sci-Tech Today | NewsFactor Business Report

NewsFactor Services
FreeNewsFeed | Free Newsletters | XML/RSS Feed

About NewsFactor Network | How To Contact Us | Article Reprints | Careers @ NewsFactor | Services for PR Pros | Top Tech Wire | How To Advertise

Privacy Policy | Terms of Service
© Copyright 2000-2014 NewsFactor Network. All rights reserved. Article rating technology by Blogowogo. Member of Accuserve Ad Network.