News & Information for Technology Purchasers NewsFactor Sites:       NewsFactor.com     Enterprise Security Today     CRM Daily     Business Report     Sci-Tech Today  
   
Home Enterprise I.T. Cloud Computing Applications Hardware More Topics...
GET RECOGNIZED
Let an ISACA® certification elevate your career.
Register today and save
You are here: Home / Enterprise I.T. / Computer Pioneer Engelbart Dies at 88
Is your endpoint data protected?
Computer Pioneer Douglas Engelbart Dies; Invented Mouse
Computer Pioneer Douglas Engelbart Dies; Invented Mouse
By Barry Levine / NewsFactor Network Like this on Facebook Tweet this Link thison Linkedin Link this on Google Plus
PUBLISHED:
JULY
03
2013



One of modern computing's visionary pioneers, Douglas C. Engelbart, has died. His inventions helped create today's personal computers, including the computer mouse and the graphical user interface.

Engelbart was 88, and his wife said he died at his home in Atherton, Calif., as a result of kidney failure.

One of his first innovations was the development of shared computing power in the 1950s, a time when the room-sized electronic calculators then known as computers were used by only one person at a time. He called this method "bootstrapping."

'Mother of All Demos'

During the 1960s, he led the Augmentation Research Center at Stanford Research International (SRI), funded by the Defense Department and NASA. Engelbart's team developed and then demonstrated a mouse and keyboard that allowed a user to interactively use a computer with results displayed on a screen, and the demonstration included text editing, hyperlinks, windows for navigation and video conferencing. This was a time when the world's computer scientists who worked with computers had to submit a stack of punch cards, followed by the results hours later.

The major demonstration of that technology, before a thousand computer scientists at the Fall Joint Computer Conference in San Francisco on Dec. 9, 1968, was so pivotal to the development of modern computing that it has been called "the mother of all demos." The technology and approaches to computing were further developed at Xerox's famed Palo Alto Research Center, Apple Computer, Microsoft and elsewhere.

In 1963, Engelbart had invented the mouse, which initially had three buttons and, Engelbart thought, could eventually have as many as ten. Originally, it was a small wooden box with two metal wheels inside that determined the X-Y position of the on-screen cursor.

NLS, ARPAnet

A file system for the online retrieval of documents that he developed, called the oNLine System or NLS, was not only a precursor of later online applications, but later became the application for which ARPAnet was built to implement. ARPAnet later evolved into the Internet, and one of the two initial nodes of the ARPAnet was at SRI.

Engelbart had served in the U.S. Army during the second World War as a radar technician in the Philippines, and during that time he came across a later-to-be-famous article by physicist Vannevar Bush, "As We May Think," which presented the concept of a universal information system that Bush called Memex.

The idea became a goal in Engelbart's life, as he went to Oregon State and then University of California at Berkeley after the war. He worked for a government aerospace lab, the Ames Research Center in California, and later moved to SRI. His honors included the National Medal of Technology, the Lemelson-MIT Prize and the Turing Award.

He also received 21 patents, the last one of which -- received in 1970 -- was for the computer mouse. But the 17-year lifespan of the mouse patent barely went past 1984, when Apple's Macintosh first popularized the mouse. Since that time, about a billion computer mice have been sold.

Tell Us What You Think
Comment:

Name:

Kevin a Kiwi from down u:

Posted: 2013-07-03 @ 3:41pm PT
A genius, a man before his time. What a contrast his attitude portrayed, when compared to the money hungry entrepreneurs who followed. He paid high tribute to those colleagues whose ideas and collaborate efforts led to many discoveries. Such humility is seldom seen today. We could do no worse than follow such an example.

Like Us on FacebookFollow Us on Twitter
TOP STORIES NOW
MAY BE OF INTEREST
IT departments are embracing cloud backup, but there's a lot you need to know before choosing a service provider. Learn all the critical things you need to know by accessing the white paper, "5 Things You Didn't Know About Cloud Backup". Access the White Paper now.
MORE IN ENTERPRISE I.T.
Product Information and Resources for Technology You Can Use To Boost Your Business

Network Security Spotlight
Dairy Queen Latest Retailer To Report Hack
Dairy Queen is known for its hot fries and sweet treats, but it just made cyber history as the latest victim of a hack attack. The fast food chain said that customer data at some stores may be at risk.
 
Lessons from the JPMorgan Chase Cyberattack
JPMorgan Chase is investigating a likely cyberattack. The banking giant is cooperating with law enforcement, including the FBI, to understand what data hackers may have obtained.
 
Who Is the Hacker Group Lizard Squad?
Are they dangerous or just obnoxious? That’s what many are wondering about the hacker group Lizard Squad, which tweeted out a bomb threat that grounded a flight with a Sony exec aboard.
 

Enterprise Hardware Spotlight
Intel Intros Lightning-Fast PC Processors
Call it extreme. Intel just took the covers off its first-ever eight-core desktop processor, which is aimed at hardcore power users who expect more than the status quo from their computers.
 
HP Previews ProLiant Gen9 Data Center Servers
Because traditional data center and server architectures are “constraints” on businesses, HP is releasing new servers aimed at faster, simpler and more cost-effective delivery of computing services.
 
Apple Set To Release Largest iPad Ever
Tech giant Apple seems to have adopted the mantra “go big or go home.” The company is planning to introduce its largest iPad ever: a 12.9-inch behemoth that will dwarf its largest existing models.
 

Mobile Technology Spotlight
iWatch Watch: What Will Apple Ask Us To Wear?
There are still more questions than answers when it comes to details about the smart watch Apple seems poised to debut on Sept. 9. In fact, nobody seems completely sure that it will be a smart watch at all.
 
Samsung Maps Its Way with Nokia's 'Here' App for Galaxy Phones
Korean electronics giant Samsung has opted to license Here, Nokia’s mapping app -- formerly known as Nokia Maps -- for its Tizen-powered smart devices and Samsung Gear S wearable.
 
Will iPhone Finally Catch Up with NFC Mobile Payment Ability?
Apple's latest version of the iPhone may have a mobile wallet to pay for purchases with a tap of the phone. The iPhone 6 reportedly is equipped with near-field communication (NFC) technology.
 

Navigation
NewsFactor Network
Home/Top News | Enterprise I.T. | Cloud Computing | Applications | Hardware | Mobile Tech | Big Data | Communications
World Wide Web | Network Security | Data Storage | CRM Systems | Microsoft/Windows | Apple/Mac | Linux/Open Source | Personal Tech
Press Releases
NewsFactor Network Enterprise I.T. Sites
NewsFactor Technology News | Enterprise Security Today | CRM Daily

NewsFactor Business and Innovation Sites
Sci-Tech Today | NewsFactor Business Report

NewsFactor Services
FreeNewsFeed | Free Newsletters

About NewsFactor Network | How To Contact Us | Article Reprints | Careers @ NewsFactor | Services for PR Pros | Top Tech Wire | How To Advertise

Privacy Policy | Terms of Service
© Copyright 2000-2014 NewsFactor Network. All rights reserved. Article rating technology by Blogowogo. Member of Accuserve Ad Network.